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Dolphin References

[1] R. R. Reeves and others, Dolphins, Porpoises and Whales: 2002-2010 Conservation Action Plan for the World's Cetaceans (Gland, Switzerland: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 2003),

[2] T. Bettinger and H. Quinn, “Conservation funds: How do zoos and aquaria decide which projects to fund?” in Proceedings of the AZA Annual Conference (St. Louis: AZA, 2000), 52-54.

[3] T. H. Woodley and others, “A comparison of survival rates for free-ranging bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), killer whales (Orcinus orca), and beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas),” Technical Report No. 97-02 (Guelph: International Marine Mammal Association, Inc., 1997.  This report determined that calf mortality in captivity was much higher than in the wild; however, the mortality data from the wild population may have been incomplete.  Thus, mortality rates may be similar or, conversely, may be even more divergent than reported.

[4] L. Rendell and H. Whitehead, “Culture in whales and dolphins”, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2001): 309-382.

[5] Krützen and others, “Cultural transmission of tool use in bottlenose dolphins”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, June 21, 2005, vol. 102, no. 25, 8939-8943.

[6] See Liu and others, “Comparative studies on the behaviour of Inia geoffrensis and Lipotes vexillifer in artificial environments”, Aquatic Mammals 20 (1994): 35.

[7] Rees, P., “Will the EC Zoos Directive increase the conservation value of zoo research?”, Oryx 39 (2005): 128-131.

[8] Mazet and others, “Assessment of the risk of zoonotic disease transmission to marine mammal workers and the public.” Marine Mammal Center survey of the University of California, 2004.

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